Medical & Surgical Ophthalmology

Anti-inflammatory injections

What are anti-inflammatory injections?

Intraocular anti-inflammatory injections are a route of local administration of these drugs to the eye.

In which cases do they apply?

They are applied in cases of severe intraocular inflammation that causes macular edema, in cases of uveitis with a large inflammatory component and in diabetic macular edema instead of antiangiogenc injections or added to these.

Previous exams

Before applying the anti-inflammatory injections, a complete ophthalmological examination will be necessary, including a fundus, an oct to see the retina and in some cases a fluorescein angiography to see the state of the retinal blood vessels.

In the case of uveitis, it is important to rule out an infection before injecting the drug, since the corticosteroid would favor this infection to worsen.

The intervention

The injection is performed under topical anaesthesia and usually does not cause discomfort. The eye and eyelids should be thoroughly disinfected before performing the procedure, as well as a topical antibiotic administered to the eye for a few days afterwards is sometimes needed.


Like any intervention, there are some risks associated with it, the most frequent being infection, although the risk is minimal if good prophylaxis is carried out.

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